by Seth BUTERA June 28, 2021
The travel, tourism and hospitality industry has been decimated by the impact of the coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak.
Countries are still actively battling the deadly virus but societies and industries are now also looking to rebuild and re-emerge from the crisis.
The recovery process for the travel industry will be complicated and lengthy.
Many marketers held back their ad spend in 2020, preparing for the inevitable end of this uncertain time when consumers would feel free to travel again.
With vaccination rates on the rise, brands that held their budget in reserve are chomping at the bit to spend it. Of course, the trick is to spend it wisely, and doing so requires a detailed understanding of how consumer behaviors and attitudes toward travel purchases have shifted in the past 12 months.
Reopenings and vaccinations do not mean the same thing to everyone. The travel audiences from a year ago probably no longer apply, and even frequent business or leisure travelers from 2019 may still not be comfortable getting aboard a plane.
In addition to using pre-pandemic travel behavior, brands need to grasp their prospects’ current mindsets, including how they feel about safety and vaccinations, as well as discounts and perks.
This means looking at more signals than ever before in order to segment their audiences to find the best prospects and drive return on Investment. Fortunately, those signals are out there.
More often than not, the digital behaviors of travel audiences do not change in major ways year to year. However, the digital behaviors of travel intenders from a year ago have been heavily influenced by recent global events.
In order to put digital travel marketing plans in place, it makes sense to bucket the audience of potential travelers into three segments: recent travelers, travel researchers, and hesitant travelers.
The best place to start is to look at recent signals. Even with a down year, some consumers have travelled and it makes sense to analyze their motivations, whether it be for leisure and vacation, for business, or for pandemic-related reasons, such as first responders.
Airlines (or their marketing agencies) should start by looking at people who have flown in the past four to five months, basically, those that travelled during the holidays and into 2021. This audience could come from purchase data or conversions.
This cohort’s behavior indicates that they are comfortable flying, and suggests they have a high likelihood to fly again. If your data shows that these recent-flyers went to a vacation spot, reengage them around vacation options in the near future. Welcome the actions of your recent customers, then find consumers who have similar behaviors by using modelling for scale.
By targeting amenable flyers and helping them book more trips, travel brands can begin to normalize flying to wider audiences. This should be helpful in building out a segment that is already growing in 2021: the travel researcher.
These consumers may be less ready to travel, but they are starting the planning process. Cabin fever has set in, and daydreaming about a future vacation has helped them keep from going stir crazy. Family travel planners and discount flight researchers are likely to pick up steam.
While these “travel researchers” are merely thinking about a post-COVID destination, they are producing digital signals about where they want to go, the type of trip (resort, cruise, road trip), with who (business, leisure, family), and the activities. Now is the time to start informing these researchers about cheap flights a little further out, or special offers on destination vacations.
Whenever someone exhibits intent for a trip, no matter how soon or far in advance, they represent an opportunity to cultivate a relationship. It is entirely possible to find specific segments for online ad targeting that are tailored directly to consumers who are indicating a desire to travel in the early summer, once vaccination rates are higher.
While the signals needed to understand their behaviors are unique in this post-pandemic period, recent flyers and trip researchers are obvious prospects to travel brands. The hardest nut to crack is reaching those who are hesitant to travel.
This may be people who traveled regularly pre-COVID or those who have the financial means to do so. They may also be looking up safety guidelines around COVID-19 as well as testing and vaccination news. Once you’ve identified this cohort, warming them up to the idea of travel will likely require two different approaches.
The other approach is to target this segment with creative messaging that educates consumers about the safety of flying and traveling. Messaging that reminds hesitant travelers of the joy of travel, alongside helpful content about how an airline or resort is taking the proper steps to guarantee safety, will go a long way toward reassuring consumers who may not be ready to travel yet.
The segmentation we just walked through isn’t particularly difficult to do. Consumers are producing loads of online signals related to travel right now, and odds are that most brands already have a lot of this data at their fingertips.
Travel brands that use as many of these signals as possible to create audiences will set themselves apart from the competition as they strategize creative messaging and targeted ad campaigns to build their revenue back up. At a minimum, every travel brand should consider segmenting their target audience into the three buckets we just described – recent travelers, open to traveling, and hesitant to travel – and then drill down from there.
That hesitant group will likely have subsegments of those who just want to wait, and others who remain fearful, but the signals are out there.
It’s no longer enough for travel brands to simply look at purchase history to engage prospects. A near year-long pause in travel plans has thrown the old book on audiences out the window. For brands, the opportunity lies in expanding the scope of the signals they use to build their target audiences and using new behaviors to shape their campaigns and messaging strategies.